• The Ultimate Guide to Planning & Styling a Patio area

    • The Ultimate Guide to Planning & Styling a Patio area

      December 22, 2020 | Blog | fmyrland
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      Cost of Laying a Patio area

      Searching for out just how much it costs to lay a patio? In this post we provide a breakdown of the costs for various patio area products and the expense of working with a patio installation professional to perform the work.



      Depending on the complexity of the task, it generally takes: 2 days

      ₤ 1200

      How Much Does It Expense to Lay an Outdoor patio?

      The typical expense of laying a patio area in a 20 square metre area is normally around ₤ 900 to ₤ 2,500. This rate consists of the cost to excavate the location, lay the structures, purchasing the patio pieces and laying them. These prices will vary depending on the kind of products used, for example, budget choices such as concrete and brick outdoor patio slabs tend to start at ₤ 15 per square metre, while premium patios are typically comprised of slate which ranges from ₤ 900 to ₤ 3,800 for setup, while a stone patio can cost up to ₤ 4,600.

      Patio area Costs

      Cement ₤ 4 to ₤ 12 per bag. There are different other expenses you require to consider when having your outdoor patio installed.

      Description Avg. Cost
      Weed membrane £3 to £90
      Outside lighting £3 to £250
      Outside heating £30 to £480
      Outside furniture £50 to £2640

      Labour Expenses and Time Scales.

      The expense to employ a landscape gardener to install your outdoor patio is typically around ₤ 100 per day, although they will typically deal with a basic labourer bringing the day-to-day cost as much as around ₤ 200.

      A typical installation for a little outdoor patio measuring 10 square metres would take around 2 days to finish and would cost around ₤ 400 for labour. While a 20 square metre outdoor patio would take around three days and would cost about ₤ 600 for two tradesmen to finish the job. If you have a larger outdoor patio of 40 square metres or more, this could take about four days to finish, and need to be priced at around ₤ 800. These rates might differ depending on the material utilized, and the tradespersons might also increase their prices for substantial excavation.

      What’s Involved in Laying an Outdoor patio?

      Precisely how much work is even involved in laying an outdoor patio? Well, it is among the bigger landscape gardening jobs, even for a reasonably little outdoor patio area of 25 square metres.

      To begin, the area will initially require to be prepped. The existing pavement will require to be raised if upgrading your existing patio. The tradesmen will then dig a hole of a minimum of 150mm extensive, followed by laying a hard-core base of 100mm and top off with 30mm of sand or grit.

      The next step includes creating the concrete, which consists of one-part cement and three parts sand. This will be used to bed slabs into the base while making certain there is an even layer of 40mm.

      Laying a Patio

      Once the structures are in place, the outdoor patio material can then be set up. The rest of the patio will then be set up, making sure every piece has a 10-15mm space in between each one.

      When 24 hours is up, the blocks or slabs will be grouted and jointed utilizing a trowel to fill the spaces between the paving. The surface will then be wiped down to get rid of any residue.

      Cost Impacting Elements of Laying an Outdoor patio.

      When planning a patio area installation, there are a number of expense factors you require to think about. The very first being the size of your patio, as the larger the area is, the more costly it will. For example, a little patio of around 10 square metres can range from ₤ 800 to ₤ 1,100, while a big 40 square metre patio area can cost as much as ₤ 4,600.

      With regard to the paving slabs you buy for patio areas, you get what you spend for. It is the expense of laying a concrete outdoor patio begins at around ₤ 15 per square metre for budget plan garden paving, but typically, the quality is usually very poor.

      Poor quality slabs usually have lots of air bubbles in them, and when water gets into these air pockets and freezes, the ice expands and forms tiny little cracks, which in turn fill with water and this procedure continues till the paving stone literally falls to pieces!

      In general, higher-quality slabs such as stone are more expensive and cost approximately ₤ 95 per square metre. They will have less air bubbles in them and will last a lot longer while looking a lot better.

      Factors of Laying a Patio

      Labour costs will likewise differ, depending on your place and whether you select a company or one or two tradesmen. For instance, in London and southern locations, you can expect to pay around ₤ 2,400 to ₤ 2,600 for a big business, while larger businesses in the north tend to charge about ₤ 2,000 to ₤ 2,200. Most people tend to choose sole traders who have an average rate of ₤ 2,000 in London or ₤ 1,750 in the outer areas.

      Another massive factor that could affect your patio laying expense is the quantity of excavation needed, in addition to the requirement for a new sub-base. If you need flagging, this can cost around ₤ 15 to ₤ 60 per square metre for the flagging product, together with an additional ₤ 75 to ₤ 100 per square metre for labour.

      A hard-core bed is not typically needed for a patio unless the ground is really damp and boggy, or the patio will also be utilized for lorry parking. Patios are built with a minor fall that lets any surface water drain away.

      In some cases, it may not be enough merely to let the water drain onto a lawn, specifically if you have a big paved surface area. In these cases, you may need to build a drainage channel to direct the surface water to an existing surface water drain or into a soakaway. The typical cost of installing a soakaway generally varies from ₤ 700 to ₤ 1,000.


      Which typically adds on around ₤ 100 to the final cost if getting rid of an existing patio area then you might have to pay for waste disposal costs. If you are preparing the location yourself, then you might need to spend for skip hire which can vary from ₤ 60 to ₤ 400, depending on the size skip you require.

      How to Lay a Patio.

      You may desire to set up a patio area yourself if you have a small budget plan in mind. This is normally only advised for experienced DIYers, as it is a labour-intensive task. If you have experience and knowledge to lay an outdoor patio, you must be great.

      If you have no experience, then it might be best to employ a professional, as this will really assist you conserve money in the long run, as a expert and top quality setup will indicate your patio will last a lot longer. You will also avoid any costly problems, such as breaking and sinking, which might happen if the foundations are not set up appropriately.

      If you do decide to set up an outdoor patio yourself, then you will require to consider the material expenses, as well as any tools and safety devices you need.

      The below table sets out the costs of buying or employing tools for a patio installation:

      Tools Avg. Cost
      Cement mixer £100 to £4,000 / £15 for daily hire
      Pegs £3 to £5 per pack
      Trowel £4 to £65
      Rake £16 to £45
      Wheelbarrow £35 to £170/£8 to £10 for daily hire
      Tape measure £2 to £50
      Spirit level £4 to £160
      Rubber mallet £5 to £10

      Here is a cost breakdown of the different security equipment:.

      Safety Equipment Avg. Cost
      Dusk mask £1 to £20
      Safety goggles £0.50 to £30
      Rigger gloves £2 to £10
      Knee pads £2 to £50
      Ear defenders £2 to £40
      Steel toe-capped boots £15 to £130

      Kinds Of Patio Available

      The type of patio area you pick will actually depend on your own individual choices as well as your spending plan. Here is a breakdown of the different outdoor patio types, that includes advantages and disadvantages, along with the average costs.

      Patio type Pros Cons Cost per M²
      Brick -Resistant versus contorting and scratching.

      -Low-maintenance outdoor patio product.
      -Easy to fix.

      -Brick paving can be hard to install.

      -Prone to frost heaving.

      Concrete -Uses extensive wet prevention
      -Concrete pieces are easy to change and move.
      -Can hold up against drastic weather changes.
      -Design flexibility is limited due to its stiff shape.
      -Pigments do tend to fade with time.
      -Not ideal for installation over plumbing or electricals.
      Slate -Does not fade as quickly as stone.
      -They have a low-absorption rate.
      -Uses a distinct style aesthetic
      -Susceptible to scratches.

      – Prone to puddling or freezing in chillier months.
      – Layers of slate can exfoliate during bad weather. ₤ 50- ₤ 80.

      Stone -Can hold its colour well.
      -Stone is flexible.
      -The most long lasting choice.
      -Surfaces can be irregular.
      – They are prone to weed growth.
      -One of the most expensive options.

      Building Regulations and Planning Authorization.

      Planning authorization is not typically required to construct or replace an outdoor patio; nevertheless, if you are preparing to install embanking or a terraced building and construction to support a tough surface, then you will require to use through the preparation website, which ought to cost around ₤ 206.

      You will also not need structure guidelines approval unless there is a significant modification to the accessibility of the home. If you desire to set up actions or drop a kerb, then you may have to pay to apply for a structure notice. The cost for this will vary depending on your regional authority.

      Patio Repair Work Expenses.

      The average expense of fixing a patio tends to be substantially lower than the expense of replacing one. However, this will depend greatly on the scale of repair needed. Patio repairs are typically completed within one day, so you must expect to pay around ₤ 100 for expert repairs or as much as ₤ 200 daily If a basic labourer is working together with them.


      If you observe that some of your patio area slabs appear sunken, they will require to be removed using a screwdriver (₤ 1 to ₤ 20). A screed pipe will then need to be constructed utilizing a screed board (₤ 20 to ₤ 30 per M ²). This need to be long enough to rest on the level pavers while making certain there is a notch at one end that is 1/8 of an inch less than the depth of the pieces.

      As soon as the screed pipeline is in location, the area ought to be filled in with sand and screed (₤ 12 to ₤ 30 per bag) utilizing a trowel to level it out and remove any excess product. The location needs to then be cleared before putting the pavers back in place, making certain they are flush with the rest of the patio area. To round off, dry sand will be added on top of the pavers, prior to sweeping and tamping up until all joints are filled.


      If you have actually had your patio for a long period of time, you might start to observe small cracks appearing on the surface. These can be fixed by applying cement and sand to the location to complete the spaces and concealing the cracks.


      If you have a concrete patio area with a hairline fracture, then the damage can be cracked away using a sculpt (₤ 4 to ₤ 25) and a club hammer (₤ 6 to ₤ 30). The elimination needs to reach a depth of a minimum of 15mm. When this is total, the location should be cleaned up of all dust and debris, then PVA adhesive (₤ 4 to ₤ 20) need to be watered down and applied to the hole.

      After the glue ends up being tacky, repair filler (₤ 6 to ₤ 30 per bag) ought to then be added to the location. To make sure everything is level, a float must be used. The final action is to cover the hole with a polythene sheet (₤ 6 to ₤ 20), which need to be left for 3 days to allow it to solidify.


      This might because the jointing mortar has actually failed and will require to be changed if your garden paving or obstructs start to end up being loose. To do this, the existing mortar will need to be gotten rid of with a connected tool (₤ 2 to ₤ 10) or weeding knife (₤ 1 to ₤ 30). In some cases, the mortar may be rather tough to get rid of, so a diamond blade (₤ 6 to ₤ 60) will be needed which must be attached to a cut-off saw (₤ 100 to ₤ 800). You can choose to purchase a saw or employ it for around ₤ 15 to ₤ 20 daily. They will be utilized to rake out the mortar and open the joint.

      When all the old mortar has actually been removed, the location will require to be cleaned completely, making sure that any dust or particles is gotten rid of using a brush or a pressure washer, which costs around ₤ 70 to ₤ 2000 to buy or ₤ 20 to ₤ 160 per day to hire.

      After the area has actually been cleaned up, brand-new mortar can be applied to the gaps. The right sand and cement will be applied to each space, with the ratio of materials depending upon the size of the spaces. If spaces are less than 13mm, silver sand (₤ 3 to ₤ 5 per bag) need to be utilized, while sharp sand (₤ 3 to ₤ 40 per bag) must be utilized for spaces larger than 13mm. This must be blended first prior to spreading it on the outdoor patio, ensuring that all the joints are filled.

      As soon as the joints are completely full, a brush needs to be used to eliminate any excess sand off the outdoor patio surface area. The jointing product will then harden, and your outdoor patio will look brand new once again.

      Alternatives to Outdoor patio.

      If you currently have a patio and are looking for an alternative pathway, you might consider one of the following alternatives:.


      A gravel course is made up of any loose stone or rock that is smaller than cobble however larger than sand with a diameter of around 1/10 inch to 2.5 inches. This type of pathway tends to cost around ₤ 20 to ₤ 50 per square metre, although the rate will vary depending on the condition and size of your present course.

      Gravel is one of the most flexible products due to the various styles and colours offered. They are likewise one of the easiest pathways to set up, as it merely includes laying a sub-base product then spreading gravel across the location then levelled out. It is also one of the most long lasting choices and can last approximately 100 years if looked after appropriately.

      One of the downsides of a gravel course is that it needs routine cleansing to preserve its aesthetic. It is likewise much more difficult to clean up in freezing temperature when there is snowfall, as unlike a patio, you can not scrape the surface, as this will remove the gravel.

      Bark Mulch

      If you are looking for a simple course solution, then bark mulch is ideal, as it just includes laying down wood chippings on your path. You can either use extra wood that you have lying around or purchase a bulk bag which will cost around ₤ 90 to ₤ 180 per bag.

      Bark Mulch

      The main advantage of a bark mulch path is that it prevents weeds growth and also improves soil fertilisation. It is likewise very simple to repair, as it simply just needs a top-up of wood chippings if you find any gaps.

      This is not an ideal material for high tramp areas, as bark mulch shifts quickly, so you will end up with a considerable quantity of mess. You will likewise need to avoid using a leaf blower or any other pressurised garden equipment which could cause the mulch to move.

      Timber Decking.

      Decking is one of the most popular additions to garden home furnishings and tends to cost around ₤ 15 to ₤ 90 per square metre. This kind of floor covering is available in a variety of materials including softwoods such as pine and spruce, in addition to hardwood choices like IPE and oak.

      It also assists to produce a sense of warmth in the garden, which is boosted when including garden home furnishings such as outdoor patio sets. Lumber decking is also a versatile product which enables for flexible designs that match both big and small gardens.

      When picking decking, you require to be mindful with cheaper decking options, as they tend to last simply 10 to 15 years. It can, of course, last longer if it is kept appropriately, although this requires a significant quantity of effort in order to avoid rot and other types of damage. This can be lengthy and costly, particularly if you need replacement panels.


      A resin-bound course is made up of a mix of resin and numerous aggregate materials which are integrated together to produce robust outside flooring. This tends to cost around ₤ 60 to ₤ 90 per square metre.

      Another advantage of installing a resin bound path is its flood avoidance qualities, as the material has the ability to soak up water and filter it through the ground.


      While a high level of absorption can be a good idea, It can also increase weed growth, which suggests a resin bound driveway will need to be preserved routinely to prevent slippery surfaces.

      Another option is a resin bonded surface area which consists of aggregate material which is laid on top of a resin layer, which offers the exact same appearance of a gravel course without the level of upkeep. In contrast to a resin bound surface, this type of pathway is not permeable and does not take in liquid well, which can result in water pooling.

      What Time of the Year is Best for Laying Outdoor Patio?

      You can get your patio set up any time; nevertheless, installation throughout the rainy season can be hard, as rainfall may affect the treating procedure. It can likewise be harder in warmer environments, as it is essential that the mortar does not dry out too quickly before the paving is installed, so spring may be your best choice.

      If you are having your patio area set up in the winter season, professional’s will cover the setup with a polyethene sheet to protect the mortar versus frost or rain throughout the drying process. If the temperature is under 2 degree, they may also advise against setup.

      Patio Upkeep and Cleaning.

      To ensure your patio lasts, you ought to carry out routine cleaning and upkeep. There are various techniques for each product, consisting of:.

      Stone Patio area

      To eliminate dirt, you can merely use meal soap and water, which can be applied utilizing a brush, although avoid a wire brush as this can scratch the surface. You can also use vinegar or oxygenated bleach for stubborn dirt.

      Stone Patio

      To maintain your stone patio, you should brush it to pull and get rid of any debris out any weeds at least as soon as a week. You can also pour sand in between your stones to prevent weed development. Specialists will likewise recommend you to cover your patio with a surface area protector in the winter to prevent moss and dirt build-up.

      If you would prefer to work with a professional to clean and maintain your stone patio area, then you must anticipate to pay around ₤ 150 to ₤ 400 for jet washing, although the rate will vary depending upon the size of your outdoor patio.

      Slate Patio.

      If you have a slate patio, you will need to clear any dust or dirt regularly by using a brush and meal soap. You ought to try to prevent utilizing harsh chemicals on a slate outdoor patio, as it is a natural product that is easily harmed by using particular detergents. You will likewise need to carry out comprehensive cleaning around two to three times a year.

      If you have any spots on your patio, then you need to use a slate cleaner mixed with water and leave it on the area for ten minutes, then wash it off with a tube. The stain can then be scrubbed with a stiff brush.

      Regular polishing is likewise crucial with a slate surface area, although make certain you get rid of any dust or debris first. You might utilize a business flooring cleaner, which will cost around ₤ 500 to ₤ 700 to hire or purchase one for ₤ 30 to ₤ 80 a day. For a clean polish, you should also buff the slate by wetting the patio location, then use a wet abrasive to rub over scratches, then wash the floor with water and repeat the buffing process.

      Concrete Outdoor patio.

      When cleansing and preserving your concrete pathway, you need to be careful about damaging the surrounding yard and plants. Some regular approaches include brushing any leaves or debris off the path with a brush or leaf blower, which costs around ₤ 30 to ₤ 90.

      To remove any dirt or gunk, you should clean the course routinely with a garden hose pipe that has a nozzle with focused water flow. You need to direct the pipe at the path instead of the lawn to prevent water pooling.

      For stubborn spots, you would hire somebody to power clean your course, or you can do it yourself if you have the devices. For any remaining stains, you must rub the area with a stiff scrub brush and use a small quantity of detergent, then when eliminated you must wash your patio with water.

      Brick Outdoor patio.

      For regular brick outdoor patio maintenance, you ought to sweep the location at least once a week, making sure you utilize a brush with stiff bristles. You ought to also hose pipe it routinely, as this will remove any brick particles and grout which may have come loose.

      Brick Patio

      Regular weeding is likewise essential if you have a brick patio, as weeds that are left can ultimately cover the brick completely, so you’re best eliminating them as soon as possible. This will include getting rid of the weed itself, as well as any leaves, branches and dirt.

      For simple upkeep, you may wish to add a sealant to your brickwork which costs around ₤ 3 to ₤ 6 per square metre for sealing, although this will differ depending upon the size of your outdoor patio. You might likewise wish to pay additional for power cleaning, which need to be conducted 2 or 3 times a year.

      Cost of Removing a Patio area.

      If you want to eliminate an old patio area initially prior to laying a brand-new patio, then you will require to consider the cost of the additional labour and garbage disposal costs, which is typically around ₤ 100 to ₤ 200 daily. The expense of having a tradesman remove your old outdoor patio will vary depending on the size of the patio area and the kind of product you’ve chosen. If it’s a concrete outdoor patio, then it will take some severe labour to break it up and remove it all, whereas if it’s paving pieces, then it’s a much quicker task.

      If eliminating the patio area yourself, you will need to employ an avoid which will range from ₤ 60 to ₤ 400, depending upon the size you need as well as the expense of an avoid. Eliminating an old outdoor patio is a fairly basic job that can be done yourself, just keep in mind to follow best practises when lifting heavy pieces. If the mortar is fairly brand-new, you will likewise require a hammer and sculpt to get rid of the pieces or a diamond blade.

      These rates will vary depending on the type of products utilized, for example, spending plan alternatives such as concrete and brick patio slabs tend to start at ₤ 15 per square metre, while premium patios are usually made up of slate which varies from ₤ 900 to ₤ 3,800 for setup, while a stone patio area can cost up to ₤ 4,600.

      In London and southern areas, you can expect to pay around ₤ 2,400 to ₤ 2,600 for a large company, while bigger organizations in the north tend to charge about ₤ 2,000 to ₤ 2,200. To do this, the existing mortar will need to be eliminated with a connected tool (₤ 2 to ₤ 10) or weeding knife (₤ 1 to ₤ 30). If spaces are less than 13mm, silver sand (₤ 3 to ₤ 5 per bag) should be utilized, while sharp sand (₤ 3 to ₤ 40 per bag) need to be used for spaces larger than 13mm. You could use an industrial floor cleaner, which will cost around ₤ 500 to ₤ 700 to purchase or hire one for ₤ 30 to ₤ 80 a day.

      How to Discover & Hire a Patio Installer

      The expense to work with an outdoor patio installer Is generally around ₤ 100 daily, although this expense will increase to ₤ 200 a day if 2 tradesmen work on the task together.

      ✔ When employing somebody for the task, you need to get numerous quotes, while likewise inquiring about their experience, as ideally, you ought to hire a tradesman with a minimum of 5 years’ experience in installing patio areas.
      ✔”You might ask for pictures of previous jobs to see if the quality of their work.
      ✔”Prior to agreeing or signing a contract, you ought to check that the tradespersons you select are totally insured in order to protect them, and you should any damage occur.


      Do I require preparing consent for a patio?

      near, ground level around your home, with the exception of paving over your front garden, as long as the total location is no more than 5 metres or the tough surface area is made from porous materials. You can even develop larger patio area locations or driveways utilizing non-porous products as long as the drain concerns are attended to. However, if any embanking or terracing works are required to support the patio that might well require a preparation application.

      Certainly, if you reside in a noted structure, then you will require listed structure approval for nearly any works, whether internal or external, including a patio. Bear in mind that if you plan to offer any electrical lighting to the patio location, then a Building Regulations application is needed for the electrical work under Part P guidelines. When it pertains to any planning permission or structure guideline problems, if in any doubt, always contact the relevant authorities. Even if you are sure there are no applications or approvals needed, simply inspect anyhow, it costs absolutely nothing and can save a lot of possible inconveniences.

      Just how much would it cost to have a small patio area laid?

      For a patio determining around 10 metres squared, you ought to expect to pay anywhere from ₤ 550 to ₤ 1,100 for brick or concrete pieces. Premium alternatives tend to range from ₤ 900 to ₤ 1,200 for slate or ₤ 800 to ₤ 1,350 for a stone patio.

      What sand to use when laying patio area pieces?

      The sand you need will depend on the density of the joints in between your pieces. If your joints are more than 13mm, you will require silver sand which will be set up in between your pieces. While slabs with less than 13mm ought to be filled with sharp sand.

      Which outdoor patio cleaner can I use?

      The cleaner you use on your patio will depend on the material you have. For example, a brick or concrete patio can be cleaned with a specialist cement cleaner, or you can simply use a tube and brush to get rid of any discolorations, weeds or dirt. For a stone or slate outdoor patio, you may wish to buy a stone-friendly cleaner, or you could use a moderate cleaning agent or vinegar to clean any persistent discolorations from the surface area.

      Can patio slabs be utilized for a driveway?

      You can use outdoor patio slabs for your driveway; nevertheless, you require to ensure that the slabs you use have a thickness of a minimum of 50mm, as the material will require to hold the weight of one or more vehicles.
      For paving slabs, you will also require to ensure the sub-base is durable to guarantee that your paving product is fitted correctly and is also resilient. Your sub-base will need to be at least 100mm, although 150mm is the common requirement.

      Can patio pieces be painted?

      It is possible to paint outdoor patio materials such as concrete, which will cheer up the drab visual. To do this, you need to make sure that the outdoor patio is tidy and entirely clear. The moisture level will likewise need to be tested prior to paint is used.

      This will include taping a square of thick plastic on one of the slabs, then wait on 16 to 24 hours prior to checking for condensation. If the location is still wet, then you should wait up until the weather is clear prior to painting your slabs with a guide and a concrete paint which contains a sealant that will protect versus grease, water and oil damage.

      You can even construct bigger outdoor patio areas or driveways using non-porous products as long as the drain concerns are attended to. If any embanking or terracing works are needed to support the outdoor patio that might well require a planning application.

      Certainly, if you live in a listed building, then you will need listed building approval for almost any works, whether external or internal, including an outdoor patio. The cleaner you utilize on your patio area will depend on the product you have. To do this, you need to make sure that the patio is clean and completely clear.

      Learn More About Patios From WikiPedia

      A patio (, from Spanish: patio [ˈpatjo]; “courtyard”, “forecourt”, “yard”) is an outdoor look generally used for dining or recreation that adjoins a residence and is typically paved. In Australia the term is expanded to count roofed structures such as a veranda, which provides tutelage from sun and rain.

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